Sougia is located 70 kilometers southwest of the city of Chania in the gorge of Agia Irini. The name is originated from the ancient city Sigion. The name comes from the word "sis" = pig, pig, choiropoli.

In ancient times it was the port of the Dorian city Elyros, which in antiquity had enough bloom to mint its own coins, but was destroyed by the Saracen Arabs in the 9th century AD. Elyros was located near the village Rodovani and you can visit the ruins of the ancient city at the hill Kefalas.

From ancient Sougia a few ruins are left today on the east side of the torrent Agierinioti that passes through the gorge of Agia Irini and flows at Sougia. There appears to have been oak forests and pig farming was organized. In the western part of the village a well-sheltered harbor was located, which was destroyed over the years due to geological changes of the area. The most important part of the village is the eastern part where even today we can see tanks, ruins of ancient buildings, thermal baths and city walls (their remains).

The ancient city flourished in the Roman and Byzantine periods. East of the village is the gorge of Tripiti, with a magnificent bay on its end to the sea. The church of the village has mosaics from the 6th century and is near the ancient city Lissos, which has ancient theater and baths.

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